Medical Textiles | Contribution of Technical Textiles in Medical Sector

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Medical Textiles | Contribution of Technical Textiles in Medical Sector

Medical Textiles: 

Medical textiles or Medtech is one of the most important, continuously expanding and growing field in technical textiles. Medical Textiles are the products and constructions used for medical and biological applications and are used primarily for first aid, clinical and -hygienic purposes. It consists of all those textile materials used in health and hygienic applications in both consumer and medical markets.

Applications of textiles:

There are three main application areas in medical textiles , such as:

  1. Implantable materials
  2. Non-Implantable Materials
  3. Healthcare and Hygiene Products.

1 . Implantable Material :   

Implantable materials have applications in the effective repairs of the body parts, soft tissues, bones etc. Medical Textiles are extensively used for replacement of damaged or blocked arteries in the form of Vascular Grafts and for the treatment of swollen heart. Surgical collar is used to provide neck support to patients.

Examples: artificial kidney, artificial liver, mechanical lung, artificial ligament, artificial skin, Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea, artificial joints /bones. These implantable materials are also calle extra-corporeal device .The use of textiles in these devices will be focused below.

2 . Non-Implantable Material :    

The Non-Implantable materials include compression stockings, long tight socks, automatic cushion bandages for patients suffering from ulcer, thrombosis or immobile patients.

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: some non- implantable materials

Healthcare and Hygiene Products : Healthcare/Hygiene Products includes surgical gown, caps, masks, aprons, OT towels ,diapers  etc.

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: some healthcare hygiene products

3 . Extra Corporeal Devices:  

These are extra corporeally mounted devices used to support the function of vital organs, such as kidney, liver, lung, heart pacer etc. The extra corporeal devices are mechanical organs that are used for blood purification and include the artificial kidney ( dialyser ), the artificial liver, and the mechanical lung. The function and performance of these devices benefit from fibre and  textile  technology .

Whenever those body organs like kidney ,lung, lever, skin, heart  ect  become failure to  continue their  natural circulation then the sufferings of any person will be end by his last breathe. For these kind of patients  immediate donors are required to provide those organs which are almost very difficult to find out. That’s why artificial organs are made and after long time research we textile engineers being able to  make  some special types of  fibres which  can adopt with our body and by using these our medical science  makes those artificial devices successfully  .

let’s see about some Extra Corporeal Devices where textiles are used :

1 . Artificial heart :

Function:  Used to bridge the time to heart transplantation and pumps blood throughout the  body Made by Special type of Polyurethane ,polyester fiber.

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial heart

2 . Artificial kidney :

Function : Remove waste products from patient s blood made by polyester fiber, Hollow polyester fiber, hollow viscose.

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial kidney

3 . Artificial liver :

Function: Separate and dispose of patients’ plasma and supply fresh plasma made by Hollow viscose .

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial lever

4 . Mechanical  lung :

Function: Remove carbon dioxide from patients’ blood and supply fresh oxygen made by Hollow polypropylene fiber, hollow silicone membrane .              

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial lung

 5 . Artificial  ligament :

Function :Connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint Made from Polyester fiber, Carbon fiber, Collagen.

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial ligament

 6 . Artificial  skin :

Function:  used in skin grafting process whenever skin damages by various accidentsmade from Chitin,Poly methyl methacrylate fiber.  .Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial skin   

7 . Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea : Made from  Poly methyl methacrylate fiber.

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial cornea

8 . Artificial  joints / bones : Made from Polyethylene fibre.

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial joints/bones

9 . Artificial vascular graft :

Function : Used when there are blockades in fluid  circulation system made from Nylon, polyester, polytetrafluroethylene, polypropyline  ,polyurethane .

Medical Textile | Applications of textiles | Implantable materials | Non-Implantable Materials | Healthcare and Hygiene Products | Extra Corporeal Devices | Artificial heart | Artificial kidney | Artificial liver | Mechanical  lung | Artificial  ligament | Artificial  skin | Eye contact lenses and Artificial cornea | Artificial  joints/  bones | Artificial vascular graft | Textile Study Center | textilestudycenter.com

Fig: artificial vascular draft

So ,we can see here in medical science our textile sector can contribute in a large amount and also  we can say that without textiles modern medical science won’t be imagined .that’s why higher research should be done  here to develop special types of textiles and enough technology as well .

 At last , actually it’s not possible to describe the full detail in a small article .If we see the statistics on the topic  we can find  that  The consumption of Medical Textiles  worldwide was 1.5 million tons with a value of US$5.4 billion in 2000 .This is predicted to increase in volume terms by 4.5% per annum to 2010 to reach 2.4 million tones with a value of US$ 8.2 billion . As it’s growing rate is increasing and it turns up as the revolution   in the medical science,we should take care about it more and more. Hope the usage of textile materials in medical science will be more effective and through it our textile sector will be more diversified gradually.